A Short Note on Rheumatoid Arthritis
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.


Editorial - (2021) Volume 11, Issue 9

A Short Note on Rheumatoid Arthritis

Jonas Ben*
*Correspondence: Jonas Ben, Department of Pharmacology, Freie University Berlin, Berlin, Germany, Email:
Department of Pharmacology, Freie University Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Received: 02-Nov-2021 Published: 22-Nov-2021


Rheumatoid arthritis is an ongoing moderate infection causing irritation in the joints and bringing about agonizing deformation and stability, particularly in the fingers, wrists, feet, and lower legs. The risk factors include age, sexual orientation, hereditary qualities, and environmental factors (cigarette smoking, air toxins, and word-related). Numerous complications such as permanent joint damage requiring arthroplasty, rheumatoid vacuities, and felty syndrome requiring splenectomy if it remains unaddressed. As there is no remedy for rheumatoid arthritis, the treatment objectives are to reduce the damage and to stop/ slow further harm.


• Joint torment

• Joint expanding

• Joint solidness

• Loss of joint function and deformations

Phases of rheumatoid arthritis

As rheumatoid arthritis advances the body changes. A few changes you can see and feel, while others you can't. Each phase of rheumatoid arthritis accompanies distinctive treatment objectives.

Phase 1: It is the beginning phase of rheumatoid arthritis. Many individuals feel joint agony, solidness, or expansion. During stage 1, there is irritation inside the joint. The tissue in the joint swells up. There is no harm to the bones; however, the joint covering, called the synovium, is inflamed.

Phase 2: It is moderate-stage rheumatoid arthritis. In this stage, the synovium inflammation harms the joint ligament. A ligament is a tissue that covers the finish of bones at the site of joints.

At the point when the ligament is damaged, individuals might encounter agony and loss of mobility. The scope of movement in the joints might become restricted.

Phase 3: Whenever rheumatoid arthritis has advanced to phase 3, it’s considered serious. Since the pad between bones is damaged, they will rub together. There might be more pain and inflammation. Certain people might come upon muscle shortcoming and more versatility iss ues. The bone can be damaged , and some disfigurement might happ- en.

Phase 4: At phase 4, there’s no longer aggravation in the joint. This is end-stage rheumatoid arthritis when joints presently don't work.

In end-stage rheumatoid arthritis, individuals might in any case encounter torment, enlarging, firmness, and mobility loss. There might be diminished muscle strength. The joints might become obliterated, and the bones become melded together (ankylosis).

Movement through each of the four phases can require several years, and certain individuals don’t progress through all stages inside their lifetime.


There is no remedy for rheumatoid joint inflammation. However, clinical examinations show that remission of symptoms is more likely when treatment starts ahead of schedule with medications known as Disease-Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs).

Commonly used drugs include;

a. Disease-Modifying Anti Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs): (Examples include methotrexate (Trexall) and hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil).

b. Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): NSAIDs include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB) and naproxen sodium (Aleve). Some NSAIDs are available as creams, gels, or patches which can be used to treat specific joints.

c. Biologics: Examples include etanercept (Enbrel) and infliximab (Remicade).

d. Corticosteroids: Examples include prednisone and cortisone which help to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system.

Surgical treatments

Medical services suppliers generally just suggest surgery for certain severe cases of arthritis. These are cases that haven't improved with moderate medicines.

Tendon repair: Inflammation and joint damage might make ligam- ents around your joint release or break. Your specialist might have the option to fix the ligaments around your joints.

Fusion: At least two bones are fused together. Combination immobi- lizes a joint and diminishes pain caused by movement.

Synovectomy: Medical procedure to eliminate the aroused coating of the joint (synovium) can assist with decreasing pain and work on the joint’s flexibility

Joint replacement: An injured or arthritic joint gets replaced with an artificial joint. Joint replacement thus preserves joint function and movement.


Specialists have a developing number of ways of treating rheumatoid joint pain manifestations. In treating individuals with rheumatoid arthritis, specialists desire to stop inflammation and prevent joint and organ damage.

The main goal of rheumatoid arthritis treatment is to further bro-aden overall well-being

Manuscript Submission

Submit your manuscript at

Google scholar citation report
Citations : 938

International Journal of Pharmacy received 938 citations as per google scholar report

International Journal of Pharmacy peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • CAS Source Index (CASSI)
  • Google Scholar
  • The Global Impact Factor (GIF)
  • Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN)
  • Cosmos IF
  • Open Academic Journals Index (OAJI)
  • Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)
  • International committee of medical journals editors (ICMJE)
  • Scientific Indexing Services (SIS)
  • Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF)
  • Euro Pub
  • Eurasian Scientific Journal Index
  • Root indexing
  • International Institute of Organized Research
  • InfoBase Index
  • International Innovative Journal Impact Factor
Recommended Conferences