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Phytochemical and Gc-Ms Analysis of Bioactive Components in Ethanolic Bulb Extract of Allium Porrum

Odeyemi Omonike S1*, Umar Yahaya A2, Abdulsalami Mohammed S2, Oyenekan Iskiil O3

The present study investigated the phytochemical and biochemical composition of the crude ethanolic extracts of A. porrum plant. High polarities solvents (ethanol) were used for extraction of A. porrum. Qualitative phytochemical analysis of the plant extracts was followed by gas chromatography mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS) to determine the bioactive constituents. The phytochemical investigation of crude ethanolic extract of A. porrum plant showed the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, cardiac glycoside and terpenoids. GC-MS indicated the presence of (ten) 10 different types of high and low molecular weight biocompounds including fatty acids, esters and heterocyclic compounds. Hexadecanoic acid ethyl ester (38.63%), octadecanoic acid (18.11%) and docosanoic acid ethyl ester (16.88%), constituted the major biocomponents of the ethanolic fraction of A. porrum. This study established the biochemical composition of the bulb of A. porrum which have a commendable bioactivity and can be advised as a plant of phytopharmaceutical importance as used in traditional medicine.

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