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Evaluation of Changes in Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) before and after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)

Pere Vishwas1*, Bade Sharan1, Yeruva Prashanth1, K Sechana2

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) has become the most frequently used treatment for CAD. Measuring and understanding the current status of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of patients before and after CABG is essential to manage the disease more effectively. We conducted 6 months Prospective, observational study at Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital (tertiary care) with 98 CAD patients to evaluate the changes in HRQoL before and 3- months after CABG using SF-36 questionnaire. Demographics of patients including clinical parameters such as medical history, diagnosis of CAD and disease severity were collected. All the 8 domains of SF-36 (Physical Functioning, Role Physical, Bodily Pain, General Health, Vitality, Social Functioning, Role Emotional, Mental Health) improved significantly (P<0.05) from before to 3-months after CABG. The results of the study quantify the benefits of CABG on HRQoL of patients. This study also revealed the desired prognosis of our patients. 

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