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Anti-Atherosclerotic Activity of Para Methoxy Cinnamic Acid in High Fat Diet Induced Hyperlipidemia Model Rats

Cheng Chen

Hypercholesterolemia is a well-known etiological feature for cardiovascular diseases and a common indication of maximum categories of metabolic disorders. Para methoxy cinnamic acid is one of the cinnamic acid derivatives as a natural product obtained from the rice bran oil as an active constituent and has the antioxidant property. The present study was designed to evaluate the hypolipedemic activity of p-methoxy cinnamic acid against high fat diet induced hyperlipidemia in experimental rats. Male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups (n=6) and high fat diet was used to induce the hyperlipidemia for 28 days. P-methoxy cinnamic acid was used in two different doses (40 and 80 mg/kg Body weight) and they were administered orally to the rats for 28 days during high fat diet. Atorvastatin (5 mg/kg) was used as reference standard. A significant elevated level of lipids abnormalities and tissue antioxidant parameters were reversed from normal level by the treatment of P-methoxy cinnamic acid in both the doses. Histopathological evidence further supported the protective action. Based on the initial findings, it was concluded that Pmethoxy cinnamic acid was able to offer significant protection against high fat diet induced atherosclerosis. Future studies were recommended to identify the molecular mechanism of P-methoxy cinnamic acid against atherosclerosis protection.

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